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Canadian Society for Clinical Investigation  >  Original Research Papers   >  Golgi phosphoprotein-3 promotes invasiveness of gastric cancer cells through the mTOR signalling pathway

Golgi phosphoprotein-3 promotes invasiveness of gastric cancer cells through the mTOR signalling pathway

Jun Liu, MS

Department of Pathology, Tongde Hospital of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou, China

Hongquan Wei, MS

Department of Pathology, Tongde Hospital of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou, China

Liqin Lai, MS

Department of Pathology, Tongde Hospital of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou, China

Yuanyuan Wang, MS

Department of Pathology, Tongde Hospital of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou, China

Xiaoyu Han, MS

Department of Pathology, Tongde Hospital of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou, China

Zhen Zhang, MS

Department of Pathology, Tongde Hospital of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou, China

Purpose: Golgi phosphoprotein-3 (GOLPH3) is an oncogene that is overexpressed in multiple cancers and is associated with poor prognosis. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of GOLPH3 on the migration and metastasis of gastric cancer cells.

Methods: Following the shRNA-mediated knockdown of GOLPH3, we analyzed cytoskeletal reorganization and cell invasion, migration and adhesion, and determined the impact of components of the mammalian target of the rapamycin (mTOR) signalling pathway.

Results: The GOLPH3 mRNA and protein expression were significantly lower in both SGC-7901 and MKN-28 cells as compared with poorly-differentiated BGC-823 cells. The GOLPH3 knockdown also significantly reduced cell invasion in all three cell lines through reduced migration as compared with the non-targeting control sequence group. The GOLPH3 knockdown also reduced F-actin in all three cell lines, and decreased cell adhesion in BGC-823 and SGC-7901 cells. Finally, p-mTOR, p70S6K, p-4EBP1 and RhoA protein levels were significantly downregulated in shGOLPH3-1-treated cells.

Conclusions: In conclusion, GOLPH3 increased in poorly-differentiated gastric cancer cells, activating the mTOR-70S6K/4EBP1-RhoA signalling pathway to promote the migration and metastasis of gastric cancer cells.

Publish Date: 2019-06-23

Issue: Vol 42 No 2 (2019)

Section: Original Research

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